The so-called wisdom teeth are a person’s third molars and are the last teeth to appear on each side of the jaws at the back of the jawline. Most people have a full set of wisdom teeth, e.g. 4 wisdom teeth, one in each corner in the upper and lower jaw, but it is not uncommon to see that some people have none or only 1 to 2 wisdom teeth in total.
Typically, the wisdom teeth or the third molars break through the gums in the late teens or early to mid-twenties. Due to the late growth of the wisdom teeth, at a stage where most people’s jaws are already fully grown, they can cause pain and discomfort, as the jaw is oftentimes too small and too crowded for a full set of 32 teeth.
A wisdom tooth that has not grown correctly, e.g. is tilted or laying horizontally is referred to as an impacted wisdom tooth. In most cases where people have an impacted wisdom tooth oral surgery is required to remove such wisdom tooth. Be assured that our surgeon will take x-rays before any surgery, in order to determine the degree of impaction before removal and avoid unnecessary complications during the procedure.
As each person has a different anatomy and an individual set of teeth, the reasons for a possible wisdom teeth removal can be different for everyone. The most common reasons for a wisdom teeth removal are the prevention of future issues and the correction of current problems or pain. Due to the delayed growth of wisdom teeth, wisdom teeth can cause severe pain when they break through when there is insufficient space for them in the person’s jaw. The lack of room in the jaw may cause the wisdom tooth to exert pressure on neighboring teeth, causing a very uncomfortable pain that can even lead to severe migraines in people.
Furthermore, in the long-term the exerted pressure may even cause other teeth to shift as they must compensate for the pressure. This shift of teeth may lead to an improper bite, or unaesthetic smile due to cooked teeth. Besides causing pressure in the jaw, wisdom teeth may also emerge at an angle, grow only partially or get stuck and not break through at all. In instances when wisdom teeth have not grown correctly, they will be very difficult to clean, making them a high-risk candidate for inflammations or cavities as food and other bacteria may get stuck around the edges and surrounding tissue.
- Pain, swelling, inflammatio
- Cyst around the wisdom tooth
- Tooth decay
- Complications for maintaining the health of the tooth
- Damage to or severe pressure on neighboring teeth
- Overcrowding (causing teeth having to shift in your mouth
When a person’s jaw is big enough to allow for all 32 teeth to have sufficient space and the wisdom teeth have broken though and grown correctly, a wisdom teeth removal may not be recommended as there is no medical benefit of doing so.
If one or multiple of your wisdom teeth are causing you severe pain, you should contact your local dentist immediately and schedule an appointment right away. The dentists at City Dental Clinic in Bratislava will check your situation thoroughly and advise you whether your wisdom teeth must be removed or whether you can be treated with medication.
If the decision was made to extract your wisdom teeth, the dental surgeon at City Dental Clinic will first carry out an x-ray of your mouth, to check the position of your wisdom teeth. This will enable the dental surgeon to undertake a precise surgical treatment throughout which your problematic wisdom teeth will be extracted.
Typically, such treatment is carried out under local anesthesia and can oftentimes be completed under one hour. Removing the wisdom tooth can take a few minutes or several hours, depending on the complexity of the condition. During the surgical operation, the patient does not feel pain, only thrust and pressure due to anesthesia.